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Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease that causes airways in the lungs to become irritated and inflamed (swollen) making it hard to breathe (especially to exhale i.e. push the breath out of lungs).

It is also referred to as Bronchial asthma, can begin at any age however normally starts in childhood. Many children get relieved of (have substantial subsistence of signs and symptoms) asthma by their teenage. Others first develop asthma in their adulthood (adult onset asthma). Asthma regularly keeps running in families and can be related to hypersensitive conditions, for example, Urticaria (skin inflammation), allergic rhinitis (seasonal running nose) and Hay fever.

Why is it important? (Risks and Complications)

It is important to diagnose and keep it under control because:

  • Interferes with day to day activities
  • It can lead to severe shortness of breath (acute exacerbation) &
  • At times DEATH
  • Increases risk of lung infection
  • May lead to ABPA (allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis)
  • Other allergic conditions coexist
  • To differentiate it from other conditions like COPD
How do I know that I have Asthma? (Symptoms & Signs)

Symptoms range from:

  • Unresolved Cough
  • Hacking
  • Wheezing
  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Difficulty speaking (in more severe attacks)
  • Blueness around the mouth (in more severe attacks).

It can be positively diagnosed only with Pulmonary Function Testing i.e. Spirometry, wherein it shows:

  • Positive bronchodilator reversibility
  • >20% diurnal variation in PEF diary for 3/7days
  • >15% decrease in FEV1 after 15 mins of exercise
Facilities available at the Harsh hospital for It:
  • Physician expertise
  • Pulmonary Function Testing (Spirometry)
  • Other Laboratory Tests
  • Nebulisation
  • MDI with spacer & training
  • Rotahalors & Rotacaps
  • Ventilator (in case of severe attack)