What is a hernia?
According to our expert Dr. S.N. Baser of Harsh Hospital Surat, a hernia occurs when an inner part of the body, such as an organ or any fatty tissue, pushes or spills through a weak spot in the muscle or tissue wall around it. There are many different types of hernias.
An inguinal hernia (inner groin):
This is the most common type of a hernia, especially in men, and occurs when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal. This type of a hernia is associated with aging and happens when the abdomen is stressed repeatedly. In men, the sperm cord passes from the abdomen to the scrotum in the inguinal canal area. This cord sustains the testes. The inguinal canal contains a ligament in women that keep the uterus in place.
An incision hernia (from an incision):
Some people who have had abdominal surgery may have this condition. The intestines can push through the scar of the incision or the surrounding fabric.
A femoral hernia (outer groin), umbilical hernia (belly button):
This condition is more prevalent in women than in men. It happens when your fatty tissue or part of your intestine spills into your groin at the top of your inner thigh. Like an inguinal hernia, this type of hernia occurs due to repeated stress on the abdomen.
An umbilical hernia:
This type of hernia occurs when the fatty tissue or part of the intestine pokes through the abdomen near the button of the belly.
This condition may occur in infants if the opening in the abdomen through which the umbilical cord passes is not properly sealed after birth.
This condition affects adults if the abdomen is repeatedly strained. Some other less common hernia types include epigastria hernias, spieling hernias, and diaphragmatic hernias, muscle hernias
How does a hernia occur?
Hernias are usually caused by a combination of muscle weakness or connective tissue, caused by a disturbance or disruption in the natural tissue breakdown and repair cycle of the body. Increased pressure or stress in the weak tissue or muscles.
What is the treatment of a hernia?
Surgery is the only hernia treatment. However, surgery can be riskier for patients with serious medical problems.
With surgery, the weakened abdominal wall tissue can be secured and holes also closed.